Define society and What is the relationship between education and society
understand the relationship between society and education system. Educational b) Describe the nature of Indian society, its evolution and relationship with. Sociological tendency in education made several thinkers in the field of education to discuss and classify the relationships between education and society. No/SW/03/ Department of Educational Foundations Lagos State University , Ojo. This paper focuses on the relationship between education and society.
This paper focuses on the relationship between education and society. It acknowledges a strong relationship between the two concepts. Education is sees as a means of cultural transmission from one generation to another in any given society. Society is defined as the whole range of social relationships of people living in a certain geographic territory and having a sense of belonging to the same group.
The relationships between the two concepts are so strong that it is not possible to separate them because what happens to one affects the other. Educational institutions are micro-societies, which reflect the entire society. The education system in any given society prepares the child for future life and instills in his those skills that will enable him to live a useful life and contribute to the development of the society.
Introduction Many sociologists have observed that there is a strong relationship between education and society. This observation is borne out of the fact that it is not possible to separate or draw any line of demarcation between the two concepts. This is because of the fact that what happens to the educational system undoubtedly affects the society, and whatever occurs in the society influences or shapes the educational system in all its ramifications.
Here, the term society shall be briefly looked into and the relationship between education and society. Every individual is born into a particularly society which bring about familiarity and interaction of rational beings. Adedipe described society as a group of people consciously living together in their own characteristics way; that is a way of deliberate living peculiar or a particular group. That is, society consists of human beings their activities, and relationship to one another and in relation to their natural and social environment.
In other words, education is the totality of the process to make an individuals useful members of the society. Emile Durkheim a French sociologist maintains that the major functions of education is the transmission of societal norms and values. However, it has become pertinent and imperative to educate every member in the society, irrespective of class, or position as well as 3 the role one occupies in society.
The problem in society today is glaring that everybody needs to be re-socialised and educated so as to have less conflict. In Nigeria, there are constant strikes among the civil servant. In Nigeria, there are constant strikes among the civil servant, political problems, mismanagement of public funds, child abused, truancy, indiscipline, cultism on the part of students, oppression, injustice, poverty, exploitation to one social group by another.
Workers salaries not regularly paid, and time is no longer the soul of business among civil servants. To cap it all, there is need for equal treatment in the society.
Durkheim was one of the first sociologists to appreciate the relationship between equation and society.
He saw education as a social phenomenon through which a society assumes its own continuity by socializing the young in its own image. The 4 components of the educational system that constitute perfectly defined facts and which have the same reality as another social fact are inter-related. Ottaway defined society as the whole range of social relationships of people living in a certain geographical territory and having a feeling of belonging to the same kind of group.
In every society, whether developing or developed, complex or primitive, there is always an education system.
Education systems are not the same, as no two societies are identical. Therefore, education systems differ from society to society and their aims, contents and techniques also differ from one society to another.
From the foregoing, one might postulate that education institutions are micro-societies, which mirror the entire society. This is one of the reasons why societies try to evolve education systems and policies that would meet the needs, beliefs, attitudes and the aspirations of their people.
What are the functions of education to any given society? Perhaps, if we answer this question, much attention and focus would be given to our educational system. Broom and Seiznick outlined some of the functions of education. Education as social system creates awareness of a cultural heritage, traditional values as well as cultural transmission, which tends to lay emphasis on respect or tradition.
Cultural transmission calls for humanist 6 scholarship, teaching, preservation and examination of society, history, language, religion as well as philosophy in the society.
Social Integration The basic and fundamental function of education is the formation of a common language and a sense of common identity. For example, in Europe, schools teach in an official language and this helps to standardized and foster unity. In the same vein, in Nigeria, the official language is English Language but in the primary and post primary schools, emphasis is typically laid on the language of the three ethnic groups.
The essence of this is to foster social integration of common identify in the society.
Relationship between society and education Essay Example for Free
Innovation Early man discovered how to make fire. Every society is conscious of innovations that lead to growth and development.
New ideas and approaches come up everyday in order to solve human problems. However, knowledge abounds everyday as a result of innovation especially in the field of technology. Selection and Allocation In the early years, when few were educated, the school only played a smaller role than the family in determining allocation of job and status.
With the increase in schools, the school system has taken over the job of screening and allocating.
The school is therefore a mechanism for role allocation in the society. Education as an instrument creditably performs a unique function in human life. It is important to note that education gives skills and perspectives that formal cannot be achieved through other socializing agencies.
In fact, a child learns to live democratically by living democratically.
The Relationship between Education and Society (7040 Words)
Development of Vocational Efficiency For the success of a democratic set-up, economic contentment of citizens is a must. An indigent and poor person can be a victim of all kinds of allurements, inducements and exploitation by the resourceful and the powerful.
Hence, the third aim of democratic education is to develop vocational efficiency in children, so that they are able to become self-reliant and serve the nation as much as possible. Development of Interests in Children The third aim of democratic education is to develop useful and worthy interests in children. Hence, the famous educationist, Herbart has insisted upon the fullest development of diverse interests. To achieve this aim, children should be provided with various and varied opportunities to participate in diverse activities and programmes in all fields of human life.
If a large number of worthy interests are developed in children, they will be happy, well- balanced and efficient as citizens.
Development of Thinking Power The fourth aim of democratic education is to develop thinking power of children. In fact, children of today are citizens of tomorrow when they will be confronted with all kinds of problems in political, social and economic fields. Education should develop in children the capacity to think clearly and take decisions confidently.
Development of Social Outlook Development of social outlook is the sixth important aim of democratic education. This aim emphasizes upon, the fact that children should be imbued with the sense that they are the integral parts of society, the welfare of which should be their ideal.
Relationship between society and education Essay
Not only this, they should learn to live and die for the nation. Education should develop this sense of service and sacrifice making them learns the sacredness of obligations and duties for the welfare of the nation to which they belong. Development of Sound Habits The fifth aim of democratic education is to develop sound habits in children. Habits are the sources of good or bad conduct.
Hence, education should develop good habits in children from the very beginning to make democracy a successful venture. Development of Leadership The seventh aim of democrat education is to develop leadership qualities in children. Society not only determines the aims of education but also guides the educative process at every step.
The society objects on all the inappropriate measures and steps to be taken and suggests the best possible options available to the educative process. The society cannot bear with such educational activities which are against the social values and interests.
To me, the society guides the educative process and thereby enables it to attain the social objectives associated with the social development. Survival of society rests on education: Social survival refers to the continuous flowing, rule of righteous values and unity of social elements to be observed in the social institutions. Along with the continuity of human life, education is held responsible for the Survival of society.
The lives of society and education depend on each other. Education designs such programs which pave the way to social survival. The educative process is processed for the benefit of society. This benefit, in the true sense, leads to the destination of social survival and stability. Reconstruction refers to the modification and up gradation of the components of a phenomenon or ideology.
Reconstruction also includes the re-evaluation of those doctrines, values, traditions and thoughts which are directly concerned with the human life affairs. The concept of social stability is not confined to the promotion and transmission of social values. Re-evaluation of social values is also included in the concept of social stability. The social needs change with the change of time.
In the circumstance, it seems essential to harmonize the social values with the social needs. This is the duty of the school to constantly evaluate the social values.
It should also have an eye on the phenomenon to what extent social values are contributing to the cause of social stability. Education not only transmits values but also develops and promotes civilization.
Rise, and fall of civilizations is, in fact, the rise and fall of education. The role of education regarding civilization. It promotes and cultivates civilization. It also reduces the possibilities of clash between the civilizations. The national ideology, values and traditions are the components of civilization.